October 2017 is the Tenth Anniversary of “Madeline’s One Minute Musical Radio Show” and the Eleventh Anniversary of “Madeline’s Monthly Musical Tips Blog/Article”. This month our Radio Show and blog celebrates the life and work of unsung hero, Dr. Marguerite Vogt, Medical Doctor, Polio Virus Researcher, virologist, Molecular Biologist, Professor, and musician.
Included are four articles on how listening to classical music aids in healing, and how studying a musical instrument improves academic work. Our article of the month is “Great Feedback Depends On Encouragement” by Madeline Frank, Ph.D., DTM.
Radio Show Feature Question for October 2017: How did Classical Music play a part of Dr. Marguerite Vogt’s life as a Medical Doctor, Polio Virus Researcher, Virologist , Molecular Biologist, Professor, and musician and what musical instrument did she play?
Marguerite Vogt was born in Germany on February 13, 1913 to prominent neuroscientists/ anatomists, Oskar Vogt, Danish/German, and Cécile Vogt- Mugnier. Marguerite’s older sister Marthe Vogt was born in 1903. They were raised “in an intense scientific environment.” https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marguerite_Vogt
Marguerite’s Vogt’s Parents:
Her parents, Oskar and Cécile, were brilliant neuroscientists working in Berlin at the Kaiser Wilhelm/Max Planck Institute for Brain Research where Oskare Vogt was Director of the Institute. In 1925, Oskare Vogt, neurologist, was called to Moscow in “to examine Stalin’s brain.” Drs. Oskar Voft and Cécile Vogt- Mugnier, “identified a disease, Vogt-Vogt Syndrome”. They later pioneered schizophrenic research.
Marguerite’s Growing Up Years:
Marguerite began studying the piano as a child. She became a virtuoso pianist. At 14 she wrote her first paper on Drosophila. Marguerite Vogt earned her MD in 1937 from the University of Berlin, as had her older sister, Marthe Vogt. She continued working on Drosophila in Paris at the age of 23 with Boris Ephrussi. She later join her parents at their Brain Institute in the Black Forrest.
Dr. Marguerite Vogt worked at the Institute for Brain Research and General Biology in Black Forrest:
In 1936, Hitler forced Drs. Oskar and Cécile Vogt out of the Institute because of opposition to Hitler and Jewish sympathies. They built with the Krupp families support, an ”Institute for Brain Research and General Biology”), in the Schwarzwald – near Neustadt which opened in 1937. Their yougest daughter, Dr. Marguerite Vogt, worked with her parents for ten years. They sheltered scientists at their Brain Institute in the Black Forrest.
During WWII, Marguerite researched the development of Drosophila “on the ring and homeotic mutants” publishing over 30 papers.
Dr. Marguerite Vogt Working on Polio Virus in America
In 1950 Marguerite left Germany with her Bechstein piano to work at the California Institute of Technology. Initially she worked with Max Delbruck on E coli; then with Renato Dulbecco on the poliovirus. “Marguerite’s technical abilities as a cell culturist were critical to this work”, resulting in a scientific paper. They went on to study cancer-causing viruses and worked in the basement of the hospital “because of the danger of working with live virus.”
In the published work Marguerite Vogt was in the senior position. Nevertheless, Dulbecco was “given a new lab space and promoted to associate professor. He continued to work with Marguerite, who was an expert at tissue culture, as they investigated other viruses.”
In 1963 Dulbecco began working at the new “Salk Institute for Biological Studies” and “Marguerite joined him as a research fellow in his group” continuing “ their work on tumor-causing viruses.”
On Sundays, Dr. Marguerite Vogt, a gifted pianist, hosted chamber music concerts at her home in La Jolla, California performing music with other scientist musicians including Dr. Edward Lewis on his flute. Their musical concerts and lunches took place for over 40 years.
“Dr. Edward Lewis often praised her earlier work on homeotic mutants of Drosophila—conducted under difficult circumstances in Nazi Germany during World War II.
Dr. Marguerite Vogt in 1973 “was appointed as a research professor .. to pursue her interest in origins of cancer in examining cellular immortalization in cancer cells,.” In 1990 she became Professor of Molecular Biology and in 1998 published her final scientific paper.
Dr. Walter Eckhart, said, “Marguerite Vogt supported young people and took pleasure in their success. She was unfailingly kind to others, generous in sharing her knowledge, and an inspiration to generations of aspiring scientists. I feel grateful to have been her colleague.”
Dr. Marguerite Vogt died in La Jolla, California on July 6, 2007. She was 94 years old. Throughout her life she enjoyed playing the piano and performing chamber music with her friends.
Dr. Marguerite Vogt was an “unsung hero” dedicated to helping others by saving lives with her research. She was a trailblazer for women. Dr. Marguerite Vogt said, “There have to be many more of us around….Maybe then it will be hard to ignore us.”
Dr. Marguerite Vogt in her almost 80 years as a scientist, trained many graduate and postdoctoral students, including Dulbecco and others scientists who won Nobel Prizes. Unfortunately she was never selected as a prizewinner.
Great Feedback Depends On Encouragement by Madeline Frank, Ph.D., DTM
When you give feedback to others, do you begin by telling them the good things they have done? Always begin by giving positive feedback that is encouraging before you make a correction!
Author, Ted Engstrom, wrote a story that happened many years ago at the University of Wisconsin to a group of extraordinary young men who had the “ability to put the English language to its best use.” These students were essayists, novelists, and poets. They “met regularly to read and critique each other’s work.”
Engstrom said, they “were merciless dissecting the most minute literary expression into a hundred pieces. They were heartless, tough, even mean in their criticism.” They “called themselves the Stranglers.” They strangled all the hopes and dreams they each had.
The young women at the university with literary talent decided to begin their own club calling it the “Wranglers”. “They read their works to one another but criticism was much softer, more positive, more encouraging. Sometimes, there was almost no criticism at all. Every effort, even the most feeble one, was encouraged.”
Study Done 20 Years Later:
An alumnus from the university, twenty years later, did a “study of his classmates’ careers”. He noticed ” not one” of the Stranglers made any “literary accomplishment”.
On the other hand, “from the Wranglers had come six or more successful writers, some of national renown such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, who wrote The Yearling.”
In both groups the education and talent were equal. Ted Engstrom “concluded, the Stranglers strangled, while the Wranglers highlighted the best, not the worst.”
What was the difference between the Stranglers and the Wranglers evaluations?
The Stranglers demoralized their members sucking out all their creativity by criticizing everything they did wrong. They beat each other down. Left no one standing!
The Wranglers on the other hand, built on the strengths of their members. They encouraged, inspired, motivated and helped their members to continue developing and creating their writing projects. Honest sincere compliments lift others up encouraging them to want to continue the work they are doing.
At Toastmasters positive evaluations are given:
As a Toastmaster member since 2009, we learn to help other members improve their communication, public speaking and leadership skills. At Toastmasters constructive feedback is given on prepared manual speeches. Constructive feedback is given in a positive friendly atmosphere. Evaluators listen carefully to the speaker they are evaluating and tell them what they have done well to build the speakers confidence, and then make one suggestion that they can improve. Every person needs positive encouragement to motivate and inspire them to the next level of their journey.
Successful Leaders Are Wranglers:
Mary Kay Ash, founder of Mary Kay cosmetics said, “Never giving criticism without praise is a strict rule for me. No matter what you are criticizing, you must find something good to say… Criticize the act, not the person.”
Harvey Mackay, businessman and author, says, “Successful leaders.. understand that results reflect their management skills. Constantly belittling or blaming means that either the employee isn’t a good fit or that the criticism isn’t being delivered effectively… Positive results start with a positive environment in which employees know that they will be treated with respect even when they make mistakes.”
Words have power:
The words you say to others are powerful. Think before you say them!
What 5 ways can you encourage and empower others to be good wranglers/ good finders to family, friends, and fellow employees?
1) Show them you care about them and want to learn about them. Ask them about their families, their hopes, challenges, and dreams.
2) Matt McWilliams, online marketing expert, says “Use the four magic words: I believe in you. Take the time to tell your team, your friends, your family, and your followers that you believe in your abilities and that you are confident that they will succeed.”
3) Written words of praise last a lifetime!
When did you last thank someone who helped you in some way? (Your mentor, parent, grandparent, coach, teacher, boss.) Did you write them a note of thanks, or send them a text to tell them thank them? If they are no longer with you on earth, write a blog on the net memorializing their work with you.
President Abraham Lincoln when he died had 8 newspaper clippings in his pocket on the positive things written about him during his re-election campaign. He had read and re-read these newspaper clippings many times, to remind him of the nice things they had written about him. During his presidency he was maligned many times by the newspapers.
When Mark Eklund, a young soldier, died in Vietnam, he had two well -worn sheets of paper in his pocket that he had read and re-read many times. On the two sheets were “all the good things” his classmates had written about him when he was in the eighth grade. (“All the Good Things” by Sister Helen P. Mrosla.) Written words of praise last a lifetime!
4) When you speak about your employees, your children, your spouse or sibling in public, praise them to others. When you are speaking to a team member at work and are talking about another team member say something positive about them. Build others up by building on their strengths.
5) Chris Martin, Author Development Specialist at LifeWay Christian Resources, say, “Listen to others’ concerns and ask how you can help. One of the best ways to earn the ears of others is by learning to use your own. When you use your ears and listen to the concerns of others, you tell them that what preoccupies them matters to you, and even if you can’t do anything about it you care.” So stop talking and listen to others.
Leaders are wranglers and good finders who build on the strengths of their employee/ team members, family, and friends. They show respect, increase the self-esteem of others by helping them develop through their strengths, and building on them. Just like Toastmasters, – leaders who are wranglers/ good finder begin with, what their team member/employee did well, and explain, and demonstrate how to correct something that has been done incorrectly.
The “Wranglers” built on the strengths of their members. They encouraged, inspired, motivated and helped their members to continue developing and creating their writing projects.
In all of life, people need praise and encouragement to improve, to be inspired, to learn, and grow. When President Lincoln and Mark Eklund, a young soldier died, they had with them well-worn “treasured” sheets with ” words of praise” to them.
Words of praise last a lifetime!
Begin today to be a “Wrangler Good Finder Leader ” who encourages and inspires their people to success. © 2017 Madeline Frank
Contact Madeline Frank for your next speaking engagement at [email protected]
“Finding the Proper Place for the Arts in education: Music” (August 10, 2017) by Shellamary Koch from MultiBriefs:Exclusive.
“Music’s positive effect on brain development has been researched and documented more than any other art form — from increased intelligence and higher SAT scores to better listening skills and greater self-esteem. Learning to play a musical instrument teaches self-discipline, problem-solving, perseverance, concentration, as well as motor skills. When children begin to play in ensembles, the benefits expand to include teamwork and cooperation.
Recent research out of Northwestern University shows direct evidence that music training has a biological effect on children’s developing nervous systems, reports Melissa Locker in Time. This is good news in terms of improved academic development.”
“You can document that kids who have had musical education now have nervous systems that respond more accurately and precisely to meaningful elements in language,” lead researcher Dr. Nina Kraus.”
“Brothers Strike A Joyful Note with Patients At Wrexham Maelor Hospital by Staff reporter, (July 30, 2017)` from The leader. “Two accomplished players from the New Sinfonia Orchestra are making regular visits to the busy rehab unit.” Their music brings the patients happiness and joy.
“This Gets You High, Reduces Pain And Lowers Blood Pressure, Naturally” by Hilary Lebow (August 17, 2017) from the Alternative Daily.
1) “Music releases chemicals to improve your mood. The European Federation of International Medicine, researchers found that music could reduce anxiety by triggering stress-relievers on a biochemical level. In fact, when we hear a rhythm that we like, the brain releases dopamine in anticipation of the next beat — good music literally makes us feel high! 2/3) Music can increase (or decrease) heart rate or blood pressure. 4) Music can boost the immune system. 5.) Classical music can speed up post-workout recovery 6) Music can reduce pain. 7) Music can improve cognition. 8) Music can recall memory.”
“Musically Healing” by Dr. Pravat Kumar Thatoi, Medical Doctor (August 17, 2017) from The Times of India.
“Series of research on music and health has shown amazing results, the latest being its effects on the brains of infants 1 . Right from the fetus to infants to the aged with1 dementia, music has the ability to benefit the mind, memory and overall wellbeing.”
“The research that studied the impact of Classical music also observed that those who listened to music as well as exercised had the best improvements in heart function, improving their exercise capacity by 39% 3 . In elders with dementia it was observed that memory and mood improved when they took part in singing or listening to music. Both singing and listening to music alleviated depression.”
“The Secret of Teaching Science & Math Through Music” by Madeline Frank, Ph.D. is available in book form, and newly updated as an e-book on Kindle, Nook, or iBook:
Barnes and Noble(Nook)
“Musical Notes On Math” by Dr. Madeline Frank teaches your child fractions and decimals, the fun way, through the rhythm of music, Winner of the Parent To Parent Adding Wisdom Award is available in book form, newly updated as an e-book on Kindle, Nook, or iBook.
Barnes and Noble(Nook)
Tips on how to use “Musical Notes On Math”
Madeline’s Midnight Melodies- Music From around the World” . This CD complements her books with a blend of dance music, gigues, tangos, ballet and favorites including “Danny Boy”, Puccini’s “O Mio Babbino Caro”, Debussy’s “Claire De Lune” and others. “Madeline’s Midnight Melodies” is music to relax by and to move by for music therapy. ”Madeline’s Midnight Melodies” CD is now available for purchase by downloading a song, downloading the album, or by CD by clicking below:
Download Your Copy Today!
Dr. Madeline Frank’s book “Leadership on a Shoestring Budget” is available through amazon. To order your copy of “Leadership On A Shoestring Budget” as an e-book on Kindle click on the following link:
Wishing you and your family a happy October from Your Non-Invasive Medicine Music Expert, Madeline
For over 30 years, Dr. Madeline Frank has helped children and adults overcome problems through Classical music. Madeline Frank, Ph.D., DTM is an award winning teacher, author, researcher, speaker and concert artist. She has found a scientific link between studying and/or listening to musical instruments and academic and societal success. Madeline Frank earned her Bachelor and Master’s degree from the Juilliard School of Music. Her education has included scholarships at the Juilliard School, Indiana University, and the University of Cincinnati and she has a violin performance diploma from the North Carolina School of the Arts. (C) 2017 Madeline Frank.