Our Radio Show and blog celebrates the extraordinary life and work of Dr. Edward Jenner, English physician, created the smallpox vaccination, researcher, geologist, musician, husband and father.
Our article of the month is “3 Characteristics to Help You Become a Great Generous Leader” by Madeline Frank, Ph.D. Included are 2 short articles on how listening to classical music in the background of a classroom, improves students concentrate and focus on their work, and also while doing homework at home. A third article shares the power of learning classical music on a musical instrument and listening for improved health.
Radio Show Feature Question for January 2019: How did classical music play a part of Dr. Edward Jenner’s life as an English physician, researcher, and musician and what musical instruments did he play?
Edward Jenner’s Early Life:
Edward Jenner was the eighth of nine children born on May 17, 1749 to Reverend Stephen and Sarah Jenner in Berkeley, Gloucestershire. When he was 5 or 6 years his parents died and he was left in the care of an older sibling.
Edward began studying the violin and flute at a young age. He collected fossils, was fascinated with wildlife, birds, and horticulture. He attended school in Wotton-under-Edge and Cirencester. While there “he underwent variolation, scratching into the skin scab material from someone with a mild form of smallpox.He was “prepared” by being starved, purged and bled; then locked up in a stable with other artificially infected boys until the disease had run its course. He suffered particularly badly. It was an experience he would never forget.”
Apprentice for 7 years: Edward Jenner at the age of 14, began studying under Dr. Daniel Ludlow, a surgeon in Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire to train as a country doctor.
Medical School at 21: Edward Jenner “studied at St George’s Hospital under John Hunter, surgeon and experimentalist. Dr. Hunter’s philosophy was to seek new discoveries – “Don’t think, try.” Dr. Hunter saw Edward’s “abilities at dissection and investigation, and his understanding of plant and animal anatomy.” They remained “lifelong friends and correspondents.”
While studying to be a medical doctor, Edward Jenner worked for Sir Joseph Banks arranging and preparing “zoological specimens that Banks’ brought back from Captain James Cook’s” 1771first voyage. Because of Edward’s knowledge he was offered the position as Naturalist on the second voyage. He declined.
Dr. Jenner, Medical Doctor, General Practitioner/Surgeon:
Edward Jenner, medical doctor in 1772, at the age of 23, returns to Berkeley as a general practitioner and surgeon. He continued to study native wildlife and to research and follow “new developments in medical science.”
Dr. Jenner would see patients at his home and travel by horseback in all kinds of weather, risking his life, to visit his patients in an area of about 400 square miles. He also helped patients too poor to pay.
Marriage and Children:
Dr. Edward Jenner in 1788 married Catherine Kingscote and they had three children.
Small Pox Vaccine:
In the late 18thcentury, small pox was the most feared disease, killing 33% of the people contracting the disease. Jenner observed “that milkmaids who were in close contact with cows, very rarely contracted the disease. With this revelation, Jenner tested a theory that inoculating humans with a strain of the cowpox virus could protect them from smallpox – through the immunity gained from the similar, but much less dangerous, cowpox strain.” Jenner called Small Pox the “Speckled Monster”.
What is Cowpox?
“Cowpox is a mild viral infection of cows. It causes a few weeping spots (pocks) on the udders, but little discomfort. Milkmaids occasionally caught cowpox from the cows. Although they felt rather off-colour for a few days and developed a small number of pocks (usually on the hand), the disease did not really trouble them.”
Sarah Nelmes, a dairymaid, “consulted Jenner in 1796 about a rash on her hand. He diagnosed cowpox rather than smallpox. Sarah confirmed that one of her cows, a Gloucester cow called Blossom, had recently had cowpox.”
Dr. Jenner inoculated in 1796, “James Phipps, a young boy of eight with cowpox blisters from the hand of a milkmaid who had caught cowpox. The young James contacted a mild fever but, to Jenner’s relief, when he gave James Phipps variolous material, he proved resistant to this mild form of smallpox.”
In 1801 Dr. Jenner wrote,‘It now becomes too manifest to admit of controversy, that the annihilation of the Small Pox, the most dreadful scourge of the human species, must be the final result of this practice.”
Dr. Edward Jenner said, “The joy I felt as the prospect before me of being the instrument destined to take away from the world one of its greatest calamities (smallpox) was so excessive that I found myself in a kind of reverie”
“Jenner went on to test in theory on a further 23 subjects – all of whom gave the same results. His research was published by the Royal Society to a mixture of skepticism and interest. After this, Jenner gave up his medical practice and devoted himself full time to immunization work. He was given a grant from Parliament to support him in his work. This involved setting up the Jennerian Institution – a society concerned with promoting vaccination to eradicate smallpox. His reputation led to his appointment as a physician extraordinary in 1821 to King George IV and was made a Justice of the Peace.”
“In 1840, 17 years after Jenner’s death, the British government in an act of Parliament, banned the use of variolation and provided the cowpox inoculation free of charge. By 1979, the World Health Organization (WHO) had declared smallpox extinct – a remarkable achievement of which Jenner’s ground-breaking work on immunization played a key role.”
Dr. Jenner played the flute and violin during dinner parties with family and guests. He enjoyed being a balloonist, geologist, writing poems, ditties, and limericks, and growing plants in his garden.
Dr. Edward Jenner’s House Museum and Garden:
Dr. Edward Jenner was an English physician, created the vaccine for small pox, was a researcher, lifelong musician, husband, and father. He was dedicated to helping others and saving lives. Dr. Edward Jenner died on January 26, 1823 at the age of 73.
In 1892, two 18-year-old Stanford students were struggling to pay their tuition. They decided to promote a concert with world-famous pianist Ignace Jan Paderewski to help them with their tuition shortfall. The famous pianist from Poland was touring California at the time and they extended the invitation.
Paderewski’s management agreed upon a $2,000 fee to play the concert ($53,872 in 2017 dollars). The two young men worked diligently to promote the concert, yet when the concert day arrived, the young men found they had not sold enough tickets. They had raised only $1600, not the agreed upon $2,000.
After the Concert they met with Ignace Jan Paderewski and handed him $1600 and a Promissory Note for $400. They promised to give him the $400 as soon as they could earn it.
Paderewski ripped up the Promissory Note, and said to them, “keep enough money to cover your expenses for producing the concert and to cover your tuition for the semester. I will take whatever money remains as payment in full for this performance.”
Herbert Hoover Helping others:
Several years later, one of the students who promoted the show, Herbert Hoover, married his college sweetheart and became an international mining engineer. They moved to China to work as a mining consultant to the Chinese emperor. Mrs. Lou Henry Hoover was a linguist, geologist, and educator and assisted in her husband’s work. She learned to “speak and write Chinese.”
During the Hoovers’ first year in China the Chinese nationalists rebelled
“against colonial control of their nation, trapping 800 westerners and Chinese Christians in Tientsin” at the beginning of the Boxer Rebellion.
Herbert and Lou Hoover helped build protective barriers and manned them at the start of the Boxer Rebellion which lasted almost a month. Herbert, a Quaker, “rescued Chinese children caught in the crossfire during the street fighting.”
Lou Henry Hoover traveled by bicycle to care for the wounded at the local hospital and also learned to shoot a pistol for her own self-protection. She also assumed “management of a small herd of cows” providing “fresh dairy products to children.”
Herbert Hoover Brings 120,000 Stranded Americans Home from Europe as WWI Begins:
The Hoovers’ were living in London as WWI began. Herbert “was asked by US consul to organize the safe evacuation of 120,000 Americans stranded in Europe.” Later he was asked by the American ambassador to Britain “to organize relief for the 7 million people of Belgium, a country overrun and occupied by the German army and cut off from food imports by a British naval blockade. Three million French citizens were in the same plight.”
Herbert Hoover built a team of other wealthy businessmen to address the challenge. “Soon 20,000 tons of wheat were on their way to Belgium, via canal from Holland.”
Hoover negotiation skills shined again when he secured “safe passage for cargo ships, and subsequent shipments delivered millions of tons of food to war-ravaged countries. Hoover’s organization dispensed $12 million a month in supplies for the war’s duration.” That’s $615 million in 1920 dollars in food and other aid in over four years. (Christopher Connell’s article on Hoover, “In a world at war, the U.S. saved millions from starvation.”
Lou Henry Hoover helps stranded Americans in Europe as WWI began & mobilizes American women to help with the “food conservation program”.
With thousands of Americans stranded in Europe desperate to return home, “Lou Hoover provided clothing, lodging, food, information, and guidance.” When her husband becomes “chairman of the Commission for Relief in Belgium”, She organizes “a California branch of the CRB”, raising “funds for one of the first food shipments.” In 1917, after America enters WWI, Lou enlists American women to help with “the food conservation program”.
President Wilson appoints Herbert Hoover, after WWI begins as head of American Relief Administration, ARA:
Hoover, later President of the United States, feeds “starving nations in Central and Eastern Europe.”
One of these starving nations was Poland and Prime Minister Ignace Jan Paderewski asked for help to feed over 1.5 million starving people in Poland. Hoover went on to quickly send tons of food and grain to feed Poland.
After WWI Herbert Hoover Visits Poland: When Hoover visited Poland in August 1919 he “witnessed a heartbreaking scene in Warsaw: Twenty-five thousand children had walked barefoot to pay him homage.” He immediately telegraphed to ask for help to have the ARA send “700,000 overcoats and 700,000 pairs of shoes to Poland” before the winter season arrived. (Hoover & Poland: US history.org Hoover)
Funding in United States Expired for American Relief: Hoover Raises Millions from Donors to Continue:
In 1919, the United States government funding expired for the ARA. Hoover passionately raised millions of dollars from private donors to transform ARA to a private organization that continued to feed millions of starving European children.
The world-famous pianist who Hoover brought into Stanford University, Paderewski, had become Prime Minister of Poland. He visited the United States, he went to see the head of the Food and Relief Administration to thank him personally for helping Poland.
As Paderewski began to thank Hoover, Hoover said, “Mr. Prime Minister, I am the one who should be thanking you. You may not remember this, but several years ago you gave a concert in Palo Alto, California. The young men who organized the concert could not afford to pay you from their ticket sales, and you generously forgave then the debt, helping them to work their way through college. I was one of those young men.”
This was the beginning of Paderewski and Herbert Hoover’s 50-year friendship.
Lou Henry Hoover continues to help America:
*Girl Scouts of America Founding years: Lou Henry Hoover devoted many hours helping the Girl Scouts beginning in 1917 as National Commissioner and in the 1920s and 1930s as a troop leader, as its GSA president twice, and as a member of the Girl Scout Council in Washington.
*She was a strong advocate and worked tirelessly for “physical fitness for girls and women. She became “the first woman” to be vice president of the National Amateur Athletic Federation in the 1920s with a challenge to organize a women’s division. She addressed philosophic differences over competition vs. participation, issues of facilities and space for women, and the persistent lack of qualified women’s coaches.”
*She sympathized with eager students whose only impediment to higher education was a lack of funds and supported them anonymously.
The Hoovers began a school for Appalachian families:
When Herbert and Lou Hoover were in Camp Rapidan in August 1929, they discovered “a community of impoverished Appalachian families nearby, with no tax base to provide a school for their children.” They established “a school for the local mountain children, as well as a small residence for the teacher they hired to instruct them, Christine Vest of Berea College. Opened on 24 February 1930, it came to be known as “The President’s Community School.”
After WWII Herbert Hoover leads “Commission for Polish Relief”: Hoover visits Poland in 1946 to draft a food plan to help the “Polish economy for the next 30 years.”
Ignace Jan Paderewski Continued Helping Others Throughout his life: Paderewski helped others through his life and beyond by providing foundations for scholarships for students at Stanford University, for the Treasury of the Professor of the Parisian Conservatory, for Ecole Normale, Moscow Conservatory students, Petersburg Conservatory students , for the British Legion, and other organizations. He also supported orphanages and the Maternity Centre in New York and built concert halls.
When Herbert Hoover, Ignace Jan Paderewski, and Lou Henry Hoover saw a need they filled it! As leaders they lead the way for others to follow giving with a generous heart.
What are 3 Characteristics of generous leaders Ignace Jan Paderewski, Herbert Hoover, and Lou Henry Hoover that you can emulate?
1) Generous leaders are focused on serving others. They show respect, inspire, motivate, and encourage others to be the best version of themselves. They give others feedback not criticism. They inspire a culture of warmth and happiness for the people they serve.
2) Generous leaders ask questions about their team members and their families and care about their answers. They also ask for their team members opinions and listen for their responses showing that they are important to the company and appreciated for their work.
3) Generous leaders share their knowledge and resources openly giving their team members opportunities to learn and grow.
Dr. Albert Schweitzer said, “At times our own light goes out and is rekindled by a spark from another person. Each of us has cause to think with deep gratitude of those who have lighted the flame within us.”
Great leaders share their gratitude with others!
By embracing these three characteristics of great leaders with generous hearts you will improve your leadership skills.
Which of the 3 characteristics of great generous leaders will you embrace first?
© 2018 Madeline Frank
If you need a speaker contact Madeline at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Teachers and parents have used classical music in the background of their classrooms and at home while doing homework with great success:
Mrs. J C , a teacher in Virginia, had her fourth grade reading class of 22 students, listening to Mozart and other classical music during class for the entire school year. She said, “The children have consistently made 100’s on tests and work. These are just average students not exceptional.”
Radio Show feature question for October 2013: “Mrs. JS, can playing Classical Music in the background while your children do their homework help them to concentrate and do better school work?”
Our blog features Mrs. JS, a parent, the mother of four children, and a business woman. Mrs. JS will share with us her success secrets for getting her children to be successful students in school.
In October 2013 Mrs. JS was featured in an article and Radio Show for October 2013:
Mrs. J S , can playing Classical Music in the background while your children do their homework help them to concentrate and do better school work?
Parent plays classic music while her children do their homework: Mrs. J has 4 children, ages 19, 16, 12 and 8 (today Dec. 2018: 24, 21, 17, 13) who have been listening to Mozart and other classical music while doing their homework after school since March 05. She has seen them become more focused and relaxed, finishing homework quicker, with more accuracy which has led to higher grades. Her children have continued listening to Mozart and other classical music through college while doing their homework.
“Health Benefits of Music”(Dec. 6, 2018) by James Clear. The power of listening and playing classical music to heal.
“The Secret of Teaching Science & Math Through Music” by Madeline Frank, Ph.D. is available in book form, and newly updated as an e-book on Kindle, Nook, or iBook:
Barnes and Noble(Nook)
“Musical Notes On Math” by Dr. Madeline Frank teaches your child fractions and decimals, the fun way, through the rhythm of music, Winner of the Parent To Parent Adding Wisdom Award is available in book form, newly updated as an e-book on Kindle, Nook, or iBook.
Barnes and Noble(Nook)
Tips on how to use “Musical Notes On Math”
Madeline’s Midnight Melodies- Music From around the World”. This CD complements her books with a blend of dance music, gigues, tangos, ballet and favorites including “Danny Boy”, Puccini’s “O Mio Babbino Caro”, Debussy’s “Claire De Lune” and others. “Madeline’s Midnight Melodies” is music to relax by and to move by for music therapy. “Madeline’s Midnight Melodies” CD is now available for purchase by downloading a song, downloading the album, or by CD by clicking below:
Dr. Madeline Frank’s book “Leadership on a Shoestring Budget” is available through amazon. To order your copy of “Leadership On A Shoestring Budget” as an e-book on Kindle click on the following link:
Wishing you and your family a happy, healthy, and successful New Year from Your Non-Invasive Medicine Music Expert, Madeline
For over 30 years, Dr. Madeline Frank has helped children and adults overcome problems through Classical music. Madeline Frank, Ph.D., DTM is an award-winning teacher, author, researcher, speaker, conductor, and concert artist. She has found a scientific link between studying and/or listening to musical instruments and academic and societal success. Madeline Frank earned her Bachelor and Master’s degree from the Juilliard School of Music. Her education has included scholarships at the Juilliard School, Indiana University, and the University of Cincinnati and she has a violin performance diploma from the North Carolina School of the Arts. (C) 2019 Madeline Frank.